To provide a general overview of the Act's procedural requirements, this discussion will follow a rough chronology of how a typical FOIA request is processed -- from the point of determining whether an entity in receipt of a request is subject to the FOIA in the first place to the review of an agency's initial decision regarding a FOIA request on administrative appeal. Circuit concluded that the Council on Environmental Quality (a unit within the Executive Office of the President) was an agency subject to the FOIA because its investigatory, evaluative, and recommendatory functions exceeded merely advising the President. The Supreme Court has articulated a basic, two-part test for determining what constitutes "agency records" under the FOIA: "Agency records" are records that are (1) either created or obtained by an agency, and (2) under agency control at the time of the FOIA request. (The subject of fees under the Act is discussed more fully and separately under Fees and Fee Waivers, below.) In administering the Act's procedural requirements, agencies should strive to "carefully consider [all] FOIA requests" The Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit illustrated this functional definition of "agency" when it held that the former Presidential Task Force on Regulatory Relief -- chaired by the Vice President and composed of several cabinet members -- was not an agency subject to the FOIA because the cabinet members acted not as heads of their departments "but rather as the functional equivalents of assistants to the President." Under this functional definition of "agency," however, executive branch entities whose responsibilities exceed merely advising and assisting the President generally are considered "agencies" under the FOIA. courts have identified four relevant factors for an agency to consider when making such a determination: the intent of the record's creator to retain or relinquish control over the record; the ability of the agency to use and dispose of the record as it sees fit; the extent to which agency personnel have read or relied upon the record; and the degree to which the record was integrated into the agency's recordkeeping system or files. shame or morals." Personal threats against female broadcasters were also sent to the women's mobile phones, though it was not clear if these threats were from the same group.Gazan anchorwomen interviewed by the Associated Press said that they were frightened by the Swords of Truth's statement.Agencies also should be mindful of the "agency record" status of research data generated through federal grants. The Omnibus Consolidated and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for Fiscal Year 1999,, the Supreme Court held that data generated and maintained by private research institutions receiving federal grants are not "agency records" subject to the FOIA, and that a grantor agency is not obligated to demand such data in order to respond to any FOIA request for them. I would rather that no woman had effectively to disappear, from a young age, because that is the norm in her family.
Not every woman you see in a niqab is chafing in discomfort – for some, it makes life easier.
"We will cut throats, and from vein to vein, if needed to protect the spirit and moral of this nation," their statement said.
The group also accused the women broadcasters of being "without any ...
In the course of this campaign, women who chose not to wear the hijab were verbally and physically harassed, with the result that the hijab was being worn 'just to avoid problems on the streets'. When Palestinian Supreme Court Justice Abdel Raouf Al-Halabi ordered female lawyers to wear headscarves and caftans in court, attorneys contacted satellite television stations including Al Arabiya to protest, causing Hamas’s Justice Ministry to cancel the directive.
In 2007, Islamic group Swords of Truth threatened to behead female TV broadcasters if they didn't wear strict Islamic dress.